There were those who, if rumor was to be believed, were looking to overthrow him. They had raided through northern France, but when the French began massing an army, they tried to outrun them back to English held territory. The Britons' civilization music theme in the Definitive Edition.  In his study of the battle John Keegan argued that the main aim was not to actually kill the French knights but rather to terrorise them into submission and quell any possibility they might resume the fight, which would probably have caused the uncommitted French reserve forces to join the fray, as well. He was at the very center of the cavalry formation, personally pressing his men forward. His army had a great amount of strength through their archery skills and their special formation. It shows that you shouldn’t underestimate anyone and, although many lives were lost, the ideas and tactics of King Henry V show his understanding of the environment and taking into consideration anything that could affect a battle. , Shakespeare's depiction of the battle also plays on the theme of modernity. [b] The unexpected English victory against the numerically superior French army boosted English morale and prestige, crippled France and started a new period of English dominance in the war. It took place on 25 October 1415 (Saint Crispin's Day) near Azincourt, in northern France. , The French men-at-arms were taken prisoner or killed in the thousands. In the end it was won by men using lead-weighted hammers, poleaxes, mauls and falcon-beaks, the ghastly paraphernalia of medieval hand-to-hand fighting. It was not. Malleigh, wonderfully written article. It did not lead to further English conquests immediately as Henry's priority was to return to England, which he did on 16 November, to be received in triumph in London on the 23rd. , The French army had 10,000 men-at arms plus some 4,000–5,000 miscellaneous footmen (gens de trait) including archers, crossbowmen (arbalétriers) and shield-bearers (pavisiers), totaling 14,000–15,000 men.  Rogers, on the other hand, finds the number 5,000 plausible, giving several analogous historical events to support his case, and Barker considers that the fragmentary pay records which Curry relies on actually support the lower estimates.  Henry, worried about the enemy launching surprise raids, and wanting his troops to remain focused, ordered all his men to spend the night before the battle in silence, on pain of having an ear cut off. Though Henry V was known as the obese king who made his entire country protestant so he can marry whomever he so pleases to produce a male heir, which he did. Although the siege eventually proved successful, it had … He began creating an overarching war plan: something revolutionary for the era.  The mounted charge and subsequent retreat churned up the already muddy terrain between the French and the English. Rogers suggested that the French at the back of their deep formation would have been attempting to literally add their weight to the advance, without realising that they were hindering the ability of those at the front to manoeuvre and fight by pushing them into the English formation of lancepoints. His small army of skillful warriors was prepared to give everything it had to protect its king and nation’s reputation.  The army of about 12,000 men and up to 20,000 horses besieged the port of Harfleur. This battle is notable for the use of the English longbow in very large numbers, with the English and Welsh archers comprising nearly 80 percent of Henry's army. Feb 28, 2020 - An illustration showing the approximate troop formations at the Battle of Agincourt in October 1415 CE during the Hundred Years' War (1337-1453 CE). Osprey Publishing. This caused it to be hard for many of the men and horses to keep their footing, making most knights dismount. He did everything in his power to prepare his soldiers for war and conquest.4, In the final stage of preparation, Henry V began forcefully taking land and supplies from the French, and embarked on one of his most daring missions: sailing across the Bay of the Seine to Port Harfleur, which was very strategic positioning to begin his march to face the French. On October 25, 1415, English King Henry V led his men into the battle that would give England the upper hand in the English/French conflict that would become known as the Hundred Years’ War.  Of the great royal office holders, France lost its constable (Albret), an admiral (the lord of Dampierre), the Master of Crossbowmen (David de Rambures, dead along with three sons), Master of the Royal Household (Guichard Dauphin) and prévôt of the marshals. sfn error: multiple targets (2×): CITEREFGlanz2009 (, sfn error: no target: CITEREFMargolies2006 (, Guardian newspaper:French correction: Henry V's Agincourt fleet was half as big, historian claims, 28 July 2015, "Living Dictionary of the French Language", "Limitations imposed by wearing armour on Medieval soldiers' locomotor performance", "High Court Rules for French at Agincourt", "High Court Justices, Legal Luminaries Debate Shakespeare's 'Henry V, "The Development of Battle Tactics in the Hundred Years War", "Historians Reassess Battle of Agincourt", The Fitzwilliam Museum, University of Cambridge, "Henry V's Greatest Victory is Besieged by Academia", The Little Grey Horse – Henry V's Speech at Agincourt and the Battle Exhortation in Ancient Historiography, http://tls509.wixsite.com/archaeologyagincourt. 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